外国文学

2021, No.288(01) 168-179

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图像与拟真——后现代的“美”与“真”
Image and Simulation: Postmodern “Beauty” and “Truth”

史良;
Shi Liang;School of German Studies, Beijing Foreign Studies University;

摘要(Abstract):

后现代时期的艺术迎来了一种异样的繁荣,艺术创作与消费成为日常生活的一部分。然而与这种普遍化的美学诉求相伴而生的庸俗化却也使艺术失去了崇高感,高雅与通俗艺术之间的界限日趋模糊。在大众媒介的推动下,后现代社会沦为一个被图像充溢和编织的世界。这一趋势带来的问题在于,图像不再满足于充当世界的呈现载体,而是开始担当现实的生产机制。图像利用表象和幻象生产现实,将现实内化于自身之中,并最终以一种"拟真"的方式完成对整个世界的吞噬。在这一过程中,传统意义上图像与现实之间的模仿关联被颠覆,这一切均迫使美学面临重新界定自身的问题。在此背景下,德语文学以其特有的批判性与反思性提供了应对后现代的方案。
In the post-modern era, art has ushered in a strange prosperity: both artistic creation and consumption have become part of daily life. However, the vulgarization that accompanies this universal aesthetic appeal also leads to the loss of sublime. The boundary between high and popular art is becoming blurred. Driven by the mass media, post-modern society has become a world filled with and woven by images. The consequence of this tendence is that images are no longer satisfied with acting as the carrier of the world, but begin to act as the production mechanism of reality. The image uses appearance and illusion to produce reality, internalizes reality in itself, and finally devours the world in a "realistic" way. In this process, the imitation association between image and reality in the traditional sense was subverted. All this presents aesthetics with new challenges of repositioning itself. In this context, German literature provides a solution to post-modern with its unique criticality and reflection.

关键词(KeyWords): 拟真;后现代性;图像时代;相对主义;侦探小说
simulation;post-modernity;age of the image;relativism;detective fiction

Abstract:

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作者(Author): 史良;
Shi Liang;School of German Studies, Beijing Foreign Studies University;

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DOI: 10.16430/j.cnki.fl.2021.01.016

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