外国文学

2021, No.288(01) 126-135

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论伊利格瑞的女性主义植物诗学
On Luce Irigaray's Feminist Vegetal Being Poetics

康毅;
Kang Yi;School of English and International Studies, Beijing Foreign Studies University;

摘要(Abstract):

当代西方理论中,"动物转向"之后兴起了植物问题的研究。露西·伊利格瑞的植物理论是在性别差异理论基础之上发展起来的一种性态化的女性主义植物诗学。性态化理论关注人与包括植物在内的其他生命体的关系,强调变化和差异。植物的张合摇曳、生长衰败自有其节奏,这是植物的性态化属性,是对减损物种间本质差异的逻各斯的颠覆。西方传统追求抽象理性,将植物边缘化的同时遗忘了构成生命体的元素,伊利格瑞运用女性主义的视角和精神分析的方法分析了元素的流动性和繁殖能力,批判父权文化的同时呼吁建构人与自然的性态化关系,以抵抗或直面后现代性的虚无,解放困在逻各斯之内的自然、女性以及男性。
The study on plants has been arising after the animal turn in contemporary western theory. Luce Irigary's vegetal being theory is a sexuate feminist poetics based on sexual difference theory. Sexuation, focusing on the relationship between human and other living beings, emphasizes change and difference. The vegetal being's belongings are sexuate, like open-close, sway, grow-fade, and against Logos which reduces the differences. Western tradition pursues reason so as to marginalize the plant and the elements composing the living beings. Applying feminist perspective and psychoanalytical approach, Irigaray finds the fluidity and the generative potential of the elements so as to criticize the patriarchal culture. Irigaray calls on a construction of the sexuate relationship between human and other living beings, in order to confront the nihilism in post-modernity and to liberate the nature, the woman and the man constrained within Logos.

关键词(KeyWords): 伊利格瑞;植物;性态化;性别差异;逻各斯;女性主义自然观
Luce Irigaray;vegetal being;sexuation;sexual difference;Logos;feminist view of nature

Abstract:

Keywords:

基金项目(Foundation): 中国博士后科学基金面上资助项目(第61批)“伊丽格瑞性别差异理论的主体间性研究”(2017M610811);; 黑龙江省社会科学界联合会(外语专项)项目“当代女性主义伦理学视野下福克纳小说失语的母亲群像研究”(WY2019026-B)

作者(Author): 康毅;
Kang Yi;School of English and International Studies, Beijing Foreign Studies University;

Email:

DOI: 10.16430/j.cnki.fl.2021.01.012

参考文献(References):

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