外国文学

2021, No.288(01) 3-13

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怪诞现实主义视角下的《联合》
An Analysis of Tim Barrow's Union from the Perspective of Grotesque Realism

王岚;
Wang Lan;School of English Studies, Shanghai International Studies University;

摘要(Abstract):

提姆·巴罗的《联合》是一部取材于重大历史事件、具有强烈现实意义的戏剧。作者采用怪诞现实主义的手法,以详实的历史资料为支撑,借鉴隐喻、狂欢化和对比等创作技巧,虚实结合地再现了1707年苏格兰与英格兰合并这一苏格兰近代历史上影响深远的事件,以及安妮女王、诗人拉姆齐、间谍笛福等风云人物,表达了对历史的讽喻。这部悲剧嬉笑怒骂地将小人物与王公贵族并置,无情地嘲讽大臣们的贪婪自私和女王的软弱任性。低俗与崇高风格的巧妙混用表达了人与人之间的平等,展示了苏格兰与英格兰不同的政治和文化氛围以及人们迥异的精神状态。通过主人公拉姆齐的觉醒与成长,该剧凸显了个人与时代的关系。
Tim Barrow's Union is a play with strong realistic concerns that draws on significant historical events. Adopting grotesque realism in reference to detailed historical records, the playwright uses such writing techniques as metaphor, carnivalization, comparison and contrast to reproduce a fictional and realistic picture of the union of Scotland and England in 1707, a most far-reaching event in the modern history of Scotland. Influential figures of the time, such as Queen Anne, Ramsey the poet and Defoe the spy, are also vividly depicted. This tragedy juxtaposes the petty figures with the princes and officials, mercilessly and sarcastically ridicules the greed and selfishness of the ministers and the sickly, willful Queen. The skillful combination of vulgar and sublime styles implies the equality among people and exhibits different political, cultural and spiritual conditions in Scotland and England. The relationship between the individual and the times is also highlighted through the epiphany and growth of Ramsey the protagonist.

关键词(KeyWords): 苏格兰;戏剧;巴罗;《联合》;怪诞现实主义
Scotland;drama;Tim Barrow;Union;grotesque realism

Abstract:

Keywords:

基金项目(Foundation): 国家社科基金重点项目“当代苏格兰戏剧研究”(19AWW008)

作者(Author): 王岚;
Wang Lan;School of English Studies, Shanghai International Studies University;

Email:

DOI: 10.16430/j.cnki.fl.2021.01.001

参考文献(References):

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