外国文学

2021, No.288(01) 83-91

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社会透视与人性的拷问:《人性的污秽》再审视
A Scrutiny of American Society and Insights into Human Nature: Philip Roth's The Human Stain Revisited

高婷;
Gao Ting;School of Foreign Languages Education, Shandong University of Finance and Economics;

摘要(Abstract):

菲利普·罗斯的代表作《人性的污秽》蕴涵深刻的社会学主题,小说对20世纪下半叶美国学界和政界进行了全面透视。本文通过剖析知识分子科尔曼·希尔克遭遇生存悖论背后深层的社会动因,揭示美国社会对人性的扭曲和摧残,进而反思罗斯对美国校园文化以及社会政治的艺术透视,认为《人性的污秽》围绕着人的生存悖论和战争创伤等问题,再现了20世纪60年代到90年代社会历史变迁对美国人的冲击和影响。
Philip Roth's masterpiece The Human Stain is critically acclaimed for its provocative explorations of sociological implications and provides a scrutiny over the academic circles and political circles of America in the second half of the 20 th century. By exploring the social roots of the protagonist Coleman Silk's predicament, this paper reveals the distortion of human nature caused by social evils, and reflects on Roth's scrutiny of American campus culture and social politics. As a conclusion, the paper argues that The Human Stain represents the impacts of social and historical transitions from the 1960 s to the 1990 s on American people, at the center of which are the predicament of human existence and traumas of war.

关键词(KeyWords): 罗斯;生存悖论;政治正确;战争创伤
Philip Roth;existential paradox;political correctness;war trauma

Abstract:

Keywords:

基金项目(Foundation): 教育部社科基金项目“当代美国犹太文学的犹太性及文化样本意义”(12YJC752007);; 山东省高校博士基金项目“菲利普·罗斯后期小说研究”

作者(Author): 高婷;
Gao Ting;School of Foreign Languages Education, Shandong University of Finance and Economics;

Email:

DOI: 10.16430/j.cnki.fl.2021.01.008

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